Monday, February 24, 2020


Greater than the sum of our parts: global partnerships for Goal 16

The purpose of this paper is to inform and guide discussion about how global multi-stakeholder partnerships can most effectively collaborate in support of the 2030 Agenda’s commitment to peaceful, just and inclusive societies.

Climate Change: the European Union Towards COP21 and Beyond

To achieve the global goal of zero emissions by 2070, all economies must commit to decarbonisation to limit anthropogenic climate change. Developing countries – especially the most vulnerable – need a robust deal at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris, as well as an ambitious action plan to ramp up action afterwards.

The European Union’s Global Strategy: Putting Sustainable Development at the Heart of EU External Action 

The drafting of the European Union (EU) Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy is a unique opportunity for the EU to reposition itself as a global leader. Yet, the ongoing consultation is showing how difficult it will be to align actors in Brussels and in Member States behind a strategy that guides not only the EU’s security policy, but also wider EU foreign policy and external action.

Sustaining Public Sector capability in Developing Countries

There have been notable shifts in the understanding of capacity development. This paper attempts to go beyond the question of how organisational capability develops, to ask what might be the path to sustained growth in capability.

Human Rights in Follow-Up and Review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

This paper by the Danish Institute for Human Rights aims to describe the emerging features of the proposed follow-up and review mechanisms (FUR) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and too provide an initial analysis of the human rights implications, opportunities and challenges related to the FUR mechanisms.


From the Aims to the Achievements of Development Education: Stumbling Blocks on the Way to Political Transformation

This collection by DEEP provides a space to present and reflect on new lines of thinking within the field of development
education. The thinkpiece targets predominantly development education practitioners and researchers, as well as anyone interested in the transformative potential of education and learning.

Transformation: Reflections on Theory and Practice of System Change

This collection by DEEP provides a space to present and reflect on new lines of thinking within the field of development
education. The thinkpiece targets predominantly development education practitioners and researchers, as well as anyone interested in the transformative potential of education and learning.

Migration and Development: Coherence for Migration and Security. And What about Development?

This Spotlight policy paper by CONCORD reflects on some EU policies relating to the migration-development nexus and the extent to which they have resulted in effective PCD. It analyses the deficits and contradictions in some EU policies and provides recommendations to enhance the development perspective.

Biodiversity for the Millennium Development Goals: What local organisations can do

A recent review shows that community-led conservation can contribute to human well-being and to the achievement of many Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), but in the majority of cases, it remains small-scale, isolated and not integrated within the formal conservation sector. We suggest that, given appropriate support, community conservation could achieve much more for poverty reduction.


Post-2015 Development Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals: Perspectives of the South Centre

This paper of the South Centre on the overall concept of the SDGs was presented by its Executive Director Martin Khor dur- ing the expert panel at the opening day of the first session of the UN’s open working group on SDGs held in the General Assembly hall on 14 March 2013.


Getting to Zero: Finishing the Job the MDGs Started

This paper aims to feed into high-level policy discussions that will take shape in the coming months. Many of the related challenges will be discussed at the 2012 “Rio+20” summit in Brazil, where world leaders will take stock on the environmental sustainability agenda set forth in 1992.


From the MDGs to the Post-2015 Agenda: Analysing Changing Development Priorities

The post-2015 agenda will be the single most important force shaping the future of international development. This paper analyses the content of that agenda. It provides both a cross-sectional view and a dynamic analysis of trends. 


The Millennium Development Goals: Milestones or Millstones? Human Rights Priorities for the Post-2015 Development Agenda

The key premise of this paper is to show that the agreed upon global summit commitments are alone insufficient; equally if not more important for progress is sustained political mobilisation and innovative use of the commitments.


Multidimensional Poverty and the Post-2015 MDGs

This brief proposes the consideration of a Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2.0 in post-2015 MDGs, as a headline indicator of multidimensional poverty that can reflect participatory inputs, and can be easily disaggregated.



As a leading independent organisation for children, Save the Children is focused on ensuring that the post-2015 framework clearly accounts for the needs and rights of all children. In this paper we consider each of the questions above, present some of the options currently being debated, reflect on our experience with the MDGs and then set out six essential criteria for any new development framework.


From Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) mark a historic and effective method of global mobilisation to achieve a set of important social priorities worldwide. They express widespread public concern about poverty, hunger, disease, unmet schooling, gender inequality, and environmental degradation.


This paper argues that a series of arbitrary choices made in defining “success” or “failure” as achieving numerical targets for the Millennium Development Goals made attainment of the MDGs less likely in Africa than in other regions even when its progress was in line with historical or contemporary experience of other regions.


Education to Foster Intercultural Understanding and Solidarity in Europe

Position paper by the Lifelong Learning Platform for an educational framework that includes holistic, sustainable and long-term solutions to current and future challenges. The paper calls for coherent policies and actions at three levels: 1. Active educational settings 2. Inclusive educational institutions 3. Collaborative wider communities


Education 2030 Incheon Declaration and Framework for Action - Towards Inclusive and Equitable Quality Education and Lifelong Learning For All


The Framework for Action outlines how to translate into practice, at national, regional and global level, the commitment made during the 2015 World Education Forum. It aims at mobilizing all countries and partners around the Sustainable Development Goals on education and its targets.


From MDGs to SDGs: Key challenges and opportunities

We underscore that the Millennium Development Goals are a useful tool in focusing achievement of specific development gains as part of a broad development vision and framework for the development activities of the United Nations, for national priority-setting and for mobilization of stakeholders and resources towards common goals. 

Post 2015: How to Reconcile the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)?

For the last 20 years, the international development debate has been dominated by two trends that seem at first to be heading in a similar direction.

Achieving Zero Hunger: The Critical Role of Investments in Social Protection and Agriculture
Despite progress in recent decades, including the near achievement of the Millennium Development Goal target
of halving the proportion of hungry people in the world by the end of 2015, about 795 million people –
or around one in nine – still suffer from chronic (dietary energy) undernourishment, or hunger. This paper specifically considers how hunger can be eliminated through a combination of social protection and
targeted pro-poor investments.

MDGs to SDGs: Have We Lost the Plot?
An essay by Charles Kenny summarising the key components of the Millennium Development Goals and the framework the new Sustainable Development Goals.

Policy: Five Priorities for the UN Sustainable Development Goals

This paper lays out five priorities for how the scientific community should participate in this process, based on the findings of a scientific review1 of the draft SDGs conducted by the International Council for Science (ICSU).

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs): A Short History of the World’s Biggest Promise
This paper provides a chronological account of the evolution of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It examines their historical antecedents; the UN conferences and summits that provided their content; the role of OECD’s Development
Assistance Committee (DAC) in formulating the International Development Goals (IDGs); the influence of the UN’s Secretariat in drafting the Millennium Declaration; and the final negotiations between the UN, DAC, World Bank, and IMF to amend the IDGs into the MDGs in 2001.

Global Citizenship Education: Preparing Learners for the Challenges of the 21st Century

Review by UNESCO of the concept of Global Citizenship Education (GCE). GCE is a framing paradigm which encapsulates how education can develop the knowledge, skills, values and attitudes learners need for securing a world which is more just, peaceful, tolerant, inclusive, secure and sustainable.

Why 17 Goals and 169 Targets Are Not Enough
Article by Duncan Green on the limitations of the goals and targets set by the Sustainable Development Goals.

From Policy to Action Toolkit
Beyond 2015 is a global civil society campaign which aims to develop a strong framework to replace the Millennium Development Goals. This toolkit aims to provide practical tools to help civil societies with the implementation of the Post-2015 agenda at the national level, by creating better awareness of the actions that could be taken and the changes that need to be made to achieve this.

From Volunteers to Active Citizens
This curriculum has the aim of supporting the journey from international volunteering to active citizenship. Drawing on the experiences of seven EU-based organisations that work with international volunteers, this curriculum includes activities that promote global awareness as well as testimonials that illustrate volunteers’ movement along the pathway of participation, in an attempt to inspire and engage volunteers in ongoing action for global justice and participation in social change making.

Reflections and Projections: Policy and Practice Ten Years On
This article outlines the background and purpose of UNIDEV, and focuses on three major events organised in 2014 which help illustrate the project’s aim; to raise awareness in the EU of development issues in the global community and the responsibility of citizens to engage in sustainable living.  The conclusion includes reflections on the project and evaluates the knowledge gained through these events, while it also puts forward recommendations for future action.


Corporate Influence in the post-2015 Process


This working paper examines the role and influence of business actors in the process towards the Post-2015 agenda of the UN, with particular attention to the influence of large transnational corporations.


A Global Partnership for Poverty Eradication and Sustainable Development after 2015


SEEDS AND FOOD SECURITY: The impact of EU seed laws on food security in Africa

This discussion paper outlines how seed law reforms in Europe and developing countriesare contributing to the erosion of seed diversity, which is vital for climate changeadaptation and food security.

Climate-Smart Agriculture: the Emperor’s new clothes?

A discussion paper that  attempts to unveil some of the many challenges facing the right to food and sustainable models of production, climate change mitigation and resilience building, raising alternative proposals to the harmful practices enshrined within ‘climate-smart agriculture.’ In part II, the paper raises concerns regarding the alliance per se, highlighting the gaps regarding environmental and social safeguards, as well as the plethora of flaws pertaining to governance (and the lack of transparency, legitimacy and coherence) and finance and investment.

Europe Beyond Aid: Assessing Europe’s Commitment to Development Assistance

This paper assesses the aid component of the Commitment to Development Index and evaluates the European contribution to aid over the past decade.

Sexual exploitation of adolescent girls in Uganda 
This briefing examines the drivers, consequences, and responses to the issue of cross-generational sex in Uganda, known as the 'sugar daddy' phenomenon.

More of the same, or radical change? Options for the successor to the EU’s Gender Action Plan 2010-2015
The arrival of the new European Union (EU) leadership team in late 2014 provides an important opportunity to accelerate support for gender equality and women’s and girls’ rights. The EU’s Plan of Action on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Development 2010 to 2015 (GAP) runs to December 2015 and discussions are underway on what its successor should comprise. A radical shift in the EU’s approach is needed in order to achieve gender equality and to ensure all women and girls have the right to participate fully in all spheres and contribute to achieving sustainable development.

Financial inclusion, regulation and inclusive growth in Ethiopia
This study is intended to explore the link among financial inclusion, regulation and inclusive growth. The study found out that despite huge progress in the last ten years, financial inclusion is still very low. One of the major problems in enhancing financial inclusion is lack of physical access.

Aid for the Reconstruction of Cultural Heritage in Southeast Europe: A Peacebuilding Model?

The paper examines policies of international assistance to the post-conflict reconstruction of cultural heritage as peace and society-building model in war-affected states.

Bait and Switch: The European Union's Incoherency Towards Africa

The EU’s relations with Africa remain dominated by notions of partnerships via development cooperation and inconsistencies regarding economic dealings that often exert powerfully negative images of the EU as a collective unit that gives with one hand but that takes back with the other.

Aid Effectiveness: A literature Review

This paper reviews the aid effectiveness literature and present the different methodologies used in its analysis, investigating various factors that hinder aid effectiveness and analyzes the role of different and diverse actors - political, institutional, financial - that have an impact on aid activities. 

The Radical Right in the European Parliament: Impact on Development Policy

This paper analyses the extent to which there has been a rise in radical right parties at a European level, as well as the role and influence of those parties in the European Parliament, in order to determine their impact on EU development policy-making.


Ancient origins, modern actors: defining Arabic meanings of humanitarianism
How has the Arabic definition of humanitarianism changed over time? What impact has this had on humanitarian action in the region? This Working Paper examines how the evolution of the concept of ‘humanitarianism’ in Arabic. It also explores how humanitarianism has been practiced in the region and its link with the ‘classical’ conception of humanitarianism guided by the principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence.

Global goals and international agreements
Lessons for the design of the Sustainable Development Goals

Drawing evidence from over 150 pieces of literature on international agreements, this paper proposes lessons for the design of the SDGs. They key message is that we should not let practicality blunt our ambition, but instead take time to make sure that global goals can be used for real problem solving around the world. It suggests we may need to look at the SDGs as closer analogues to international human rights and environmental agreements than international programmes or, even, than their predecessors, the Millennium Development Goals.

Progress on women's empowerment: from technical fixes to political action 
This working paper looks at how women's empowerment is put into action as well as how the development community can contribute to its progress.

Review of the Zero Draft of the Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 
The new post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction (DRR) is due to be agreed in March 2015 at the third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR). A team from ODI and the Climate & Development Knowledge Network review the latest draft.

Politically smart, locally led development
Aid donors have found it hard to move from thinking politically to working differently, but there is evidence that they can do so and that this improves outcomes. This paper presents seven examples of where adopting a politically smart, locally led approach has led to better outcomes.

The stories we tell ourselves 
A personal, provocative piece by Rene Suša intended to present and reflect on new lines of thinking within the field of development education and to inspire further debate and discussion on whether global education (GE) can deliver on its promise of inducing (positive) change in societies. 

Troll, T. and Skinner, A. (2013)
‘Catalysing the “Shadow Spaces”: Challenging Development Discourse from within the DEEEP Project’, Policy & Practice: A Development Education Review, Vol. 17, Autumn, pp. 90-102.

Concerns that in many cases the skills, values and knowledge underpinning Development Education are being softened to accommodate, rather than question the prevailing neoliberal global agenda are being challenged in this research publication using the DEEEP example to demonstrate that DE can enhance its relevance to civil society precisely by sticking to its core values, instead of trading them away.

“Development Education and Education in International Development Policy: Raising Quality through Critical Pedagogy and Global Skills” by Amy Skinner, Nicole Blum and Douglas Bourn in International Development Policy.
The following discussion evaluates the extent to which key principles from development education are currently reflected in, or missing from, mainstream educational policies pursued within an international development framework, and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in particular.

Making your case! Advocacy toolkit on Development Education and Awareness Raising
In times of increasing pressure on public spending and aid budgets, it can seem difficult to make the case for development education and awareness raising (DEAR). In this changing context, this toolkit aims to provide solid arguments and background information to sustain the case for reinforcing DEAR policies and strategies – towards institutional stakeholders, but also within civil society.

“Journeys to Citizen Engagement: Action Research with Development Education practitioners in Portugal, Cyprus and Greece” co-written by Amy Skinner and Sandra Oliveira with contributions from Kerstin Wittig-Fergeson and Gerasimos Kouvaras.
This report aims to provide an initial basis for further reflection and discussion amongst the DEAR community about ways to improve citizen engagement.

Sustainable and Equitable Post-2015 Development Goals

The post-2015 goals, which will be agreed by world leaders in September 2015, are a central part of this paper and Christian Aid’s calling for a step-change in the pursuit of sustainable and equitable development. It is further explained why environmental sustainability and equality are critical for poverty eradication and sustainable development.

The radical right in the European Parliament: impact on development policy
An analysis of the extent to which there has been a rise in radical right parties at a European level, as well as the role and influence of those parties in the European Parliament and their impact on EU development policy-making. 

Globalisation, land rights and natural resource management
Land rights in the broad context of globalisation and resource governance. A discussion of why good governance of natural resources matters and analysis of the recent development in Liberia with respect to land rights.

Development, gender equality and development education – perspectives from Kenya
The development context in Kenya, the evolution of tertiary education and the import that has been placed on gender equality by both the development landscape and the development education sector.

Gender Equality in a Post 2015 Development Agenda – African Perspective
Key gender concerns for Africa and issues to be taken into account in the new development framework that will replace the MDGs.

Eight Key Issues for a Post-2015 Global Development and Sustainability Agenda
In light of the elaboration of new global development and sustainability goals that will replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2015 the German civil society set 8 core goals and content for a new global agenda, demanding from the German government to formulate clear national goals for a post-2015 agenda and push for central demands to become embedded within the new global agenda. 

The radical right in the European Parliament: impact on development policy
An analysis of the extent to which there has been a rise in radical right parties at a European level, as well as the role and influence of those parties in the European Parliament and their impact on EU development policy-making.

Corporate influence in the Post-2015 process
Globalization of the world economy and waves of deregulation and privatization have facilitated the emergence and increased the power of large transnational corporations. As they grow larger and increasingly powerful, transnational corporations have become an actor to be reckoned with in international policy debates on poverty eradication, development, the environment and human rights. 

Center for Global Development 
CGD conducts research and analysis on a wide range of topics related to how policies and actions of the rich and powerful affect poor people in the developing world. Examples include aid effectiveness, climate change, education, globalization, health, migration and trade. 

Centre for International Economic Studies - University of Adelaide 
The Centre for International Economic Studies (CIES) was established in 1989 by the School of Economics of the University of Adelaide to strengthen teaching and research in the field of international economics and closely related disciplines. Theoretical and empirical, policy-oriented studies are emphasised.  

Center for International Development at Harvard University 
The Center for International Development (CID) at Harvard University is a university-wide center that works to advance the understanding of development challenges and offer viable solutions to problems of global poverty. 

Humanitarian Practice Network 
The Humanitarian Practice Network (HPN) was established in 1994 to provide an independent forum for policy-makers, practitioners and others working in or on the humanitarian sector to share and disseminate information, analysis and experience, and to learn from it. 

International Institute of Social Studies in the Hague
ISS is an international graduate school of policy-oriented critical social science.

The London School of Economics and Political Science
The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) is one of the foremost social science universities in the world.

NORRAG – Network for international policies and cooperation in education and training
Since its launch in 1985, NORRAG has established itself as a broad-based multi-constituency network of researchers, policymakers, NGOs and consultants that aims to intermediate between research and policy, offering and producing neutral knowledge and critical analysis of complex international education issues.
Overseas Development Institute 
The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is the UK's leading independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues.
Religions and Development Research Programme 
An international research partnership exploring the relationships between several major world religions, development in low-income countries and poverty reduction.

Royal Holloway University of London
One of UK’s top research-led universities.
University of Bradford Centre for Conflict Resolution Working Papers 
For more than a decade the Centre for Conflict Resolution has been at the forefront of developing new ideas about conflict resolution mediation peacekeeping and peacebuilding. It has developed an international reputation for the practical application of these ideas in war zones and communities riven by conflicts, most notably in Bosnia, Northern Ireland, Kosovo and Sri Lanka. This has involved working with warring parties, government agencies, NGOs, regional and international organisations, together with the civilian communities caught up in these conflicts.

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